Neuro-Ophthalmology is a super specialty that merges the fields of neurology and ophthalmology. Neuro-ophthalmologists are responsible for the diagnosis and management of complex systemic diseases of the nervous system that affect vision, eye movements and alignment, as well as pupillary reflexes.
When should you visit your Neuro-Ophthalmologist?
Your eye doctor will usually suggest you visit an expert in Neuro-Ophthalmology after a comprehensive eye examination, in case you need special care. Often, the symptoms that prompt such a referral include those associated with optic nerve disease or diseases of the visual pathway (the nervous system component that connects the eyes to the brain). Other reasons could be the diseases affecting the pupils of the eye, and certain kinds of squint (especially paralytic).
Common Symptoms that Require Attention
The typical symptoms that could signify a neuro-ophthalmological problem include:
Sudden decrease or loss of vision
Sudden transient loss of vision (called transient ischemic attack or eye stroke)
Double vision or diplopia
Pupillary abnormalities (sluggish reaction, the difference in size of the pupils)
Sudden onset of difficulties in identifying colors
Inability to tolerate bright light
Visual Field Defects
Squint or strabismus (especially adult onset)
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